Role of Peasants in the French Revolution

 
 
 
 
This study will explore the role of the peasants in the French Revolution and will argue that without the massive participation of the peasants, the Revolution would not have succeeded.

Ironically, the dispute which had prevailed before the Revolution between the peasants and the monarchy focused on the modernization efforts of the monarchy in the realm of agriculture and the peasants' resistance to such efforts. As we read in Goodwin, "In the latter part of the eighteenth century, the French peasants were almost as unprogressive in economic matters as the nobility were reactionary in politics. This was because (the peasants) considered that the progress of scientific agriculture would jeopardize their accustomed means of livelihood . . . The agrarian problem in France at this period arose mainly from the clash between the monarchy's efforts to improve agricultural productivity and the determination of the peasants to retain their traditional methods of cultivation and communal rights" (Goodwin 19-20).

While it is true that the French peasant farmer prior to the Revolution was "personally free and . . . has also often become an owner-occupier of the soil," it is also true that this relative freedom and the peasants' common ownership of land did not in any real sense give the farmers a measure of economic security.

In fact, "There can be little doubt . . . that the majority of the rural inhabitants of France were wretchedly impoverished . . . The vast majority of pe

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Revolution .... the nature of religion and the role of the .... The peasants were burdened with huge amounts of taxation .... One significant aspect of the French Revolution that was .... (1564 6 )

Revolution and Rights .... patrons who had often played a major role in French .... Peasants in many regions clung to the communal land system .... on as a major turning point in French culture. .... (1596 6 )

The Revolutionary Age .... their heads bowed as if their role carries its .... Both the soldiers and the peasants are irrefutably .... Robert L. David, Voltaire, Brutus and the French Revolution. .... (2483 10 )

Social Justice, Conflict and Violence .... differentiation" which transformed a minority of peasants into a .... and produce violence, and the French Revolution offers an .... of this in terms of the role of the .... (2661 11 )

Mao Tse-tung as Political and Spiritual Leader .... In some ways, his role was similar to that of .... The Soviet example, like that of the French Revolution, started out .... of the party learned about peasants by living .... (3152 13 )


Category: History - R
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA