This study will explore the role of the peasants in the French Revolution and will argue that without the massive participation of the peasants, the Revolution would not have succeeded.
Ironically, the dispute which had prevailed before the Revolution between the peasants and the monarchy focused on the modernization efforts of the monarchy in the realm of agriculture and the peasants' resistance to such efforts. As we read in Goodwin, "In the latter part of the eighteenth century, the French peasants were almost as unprogressive in economic matters as the nobility were reactionary in politics. This was because (the peasants) considered that the progress of scientific agriculture would jeopardize their accustomed means of livelihood . . . The agrarian problem in France at this period arose mainly from the clash between the monarchy's efforts to improve agricultural productivity and the determination of the peasants to retain their traditional methods of cultivation and communal rights" (Goodwin 19-20).
While it is true that the French peasant farmer prior to the Revolution was "personally free and . . . has also often become an owner-occupier of the soil," it is also true that this relative freedom and the peasants' common ownership of land did not in any real sense give the farmers a measure of economic security.
In fact, "There can be little doubt . . . that the majority of the rural inhabitants of France were wretchedly impoverished . . . The vast majority of pe
Read the full essay by joining our writing community - over 32,000 professional essays and term papers. Access this essay now!
Category: History - R
Some common topics found in the essays are:
French Revolution, Furet Richet, Third Estate, Fear July, Normandy Alsace, France Goodwin, furet richet, revolution peasants, , french revolution, peasant revolution, Fear Cooke, CT Archon, James France, french revolution london, plot , revolution london, read goodwin, private property, peasants participated, massive participation peasants, participation peasants,
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!