Behavioral Counseling and Trait-factor Counseling

Behavioral counseling and trait-factor counseling are two of the most widespread and influential therapeutic modalities in use today. All school counselors, employment counselors or interviewers, welfare workers, and others who use personality testing to determine a person's character and potential are utilizing trait-factor assumptions. Similarly, all therapists, teachers, parents, and law enforcement personnel who seek to change someone's behavior through the application of rewards and punishments, are using behavior modification.

Trait-factor counseling is the only counseling method which has its root in vocational counseling. It dates back to 1908, when Frank Parsons founded the Boston Vocational Bureau and stated his conviction that in order to choose the best career, one had to understand oneself, the characteristics of different job environments, and the relationship between these variables. Trait-factor theory was further developed during the testing movement in the U.S./ during the 1930's by psychologists like E.G. Williamson, John Darley, and Donald G. Paterson (Downing, 1975).

Trait-factor counseling is an extremely cognitive approach based on the scientific method and the theory of individual differences. Its major underlying assumptions include the following:

1. Each person has a unique pattern of traits (i.e. interests, abilities, and characteristics) that are relatively stable and rarely change after adolescence.

2. These traits are measurable and quan



Related Essays

Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Counseling .... 86-7). Career counseling along cognitive-behavioral lines appears to have achieved a certain amount .... Zunker cites the trait/factor model in that regard. .... (6346 25 )

Addiction Counseling .... to acquiring a grasp on a trait that can .... various types of mandate, the counseling option has .... issues, critical incidents, and expanded behavioral and medical .... (3992 16 )

Counseling and Development .... into a category based on a single trait. .... and regulatory mechanisms, result in behavioral changes over .... the disabled are considered in career counseling of this .... (4278 17 )

Drug Counselor Competencies .... to acquiring a grasp on a trait that can .... various types of mandate, the counseling option has .... issues, critical incidents, and expanded behavioral and medical .... (4059 16 )

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy & Substance Abuse .... in both state-anger and trait-anger after .... Programs that use cognitive-behavioral and multimodal .... educational, vocational, or undirected counseling approaches. .... (3522 14 )

Category: Psychology - B
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA