Errors in Second Language Learning

Page Count: 14
Length: 3528 Words

"Errors", claims Olsson (1974) "constitute a way of learning." One problem is to define errors. George (1972) defines an error as "an unwanted form--specifically, a form which a particular course designer or teacher does not want." Johansson (1975) believes that "If native speakers hesitate about the acceptability of a word or construction it should not be considered an error." Tchalo (1987) makes a distinction between error and mistake. "A mistake is an inadvertant [sic] 'slip of the tongue or pen', whereas an error is a systematic (i.e. 'rule-governed') recurring 'mistake'. An error then is an extension and application of a rule beyond its domain" (p. 5).

How does one identify errors? In a paper presented at the American Language Institute, University of Southern California, Paul Schachter (1974) expressed his belief that, whereas previous syntactic contrastive analysis had emphasized differences, one should not overlook similarities between languages. In the interpretation of a study of Farsi-speaking and Arabic-speaking students, he found that the speakers felt comfortable using the fairly similar restrictive relative clauses construction and used it with about the same frequency as English speakers, but made errors because they had not learned to observe some minor ways in which the English construction differed from their own. Schachter was of the opinion that both Contrastive Analysis and Error Analys

Read the full essay by joining our writing community – over 32,000 professional essays and term papers. Access this essay now!

Category: Psychology - E

Some common topics found in the essays are:

Richards' Elliott's, Hindi Zero-transfer, Burt Kiparsky, Error Analysis, English Schutz, Strange English's, LEARNING Errors, Dulay Burt, Politzer Ramirez, Earlier Lado, language learning, error analysis, native language, english language, target language, errors due, developmental errors, morphological syntactical, language acquisition, contrastive analysis, contrastive analysis error, analysis error analysis, approach error analysis, species-specific defense reactions, non-contrastive approach error,

Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!