Concept of Management By Objectives

This paper reviews the concept of management by objectives. Management by objectives is a part of the body of participative management theory (Abrahamson, 1997).

The concept of participative management appeared for the first time at the General Motors Corporation prior to World War II, when that firm was under the leadership of Alfred Sloan. The participative management style did not receive wide attention, however, until the 1950s, when Peter Drucker introduced the term management-by-objectives. One characteristic of all forms of participative management is that organizational superiors consult with their subordinates concerning the development of performance objectives which are compatible with organizational goals. Thus, participative management, by its very nature, requires very different leadership styles from those associated with the authoritarian style. Prior to the emergence of the participative management concept, the principles of scientific management developed by Frederick Taylor (1911) dictated against any consultation with one's organizational subordinates. Later, in the 1930s, studies by Elton Mayo led to the discovery of what was termed the Hawthorne Effect, which led to the development of the human relations approach to management. The human relations approach postulates that treating employees less as if they are automatons will lead to improved productivity (Abrahamson, 1997). Scientific management and the human relations approach continue to pr



Related Essays

Management by Objectives .... Management by Objectives must, in some form at least .... No ancient Egyptian inscribed management theory in .... As a consciously formulated concept, however, MBO is .... (1795 7 )

Management by Objectives .... committed to MBO goals and objectives, the average .... suggest that the importance of top management's commitment to .... with respect to the initial concept are little .... (2499 10 )

EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION AND MANAGEMENT STYLE This rese .... Management by objectives rests on a concept of the job of management; on an analysis of the specific needs of the management group and the obstacles it faces .... (1889 8 )

Theory Y vs Management by Objectives .... George S. Odiorne, defines this concept as "a system of management whereby the superior and subordinate jointly identify objectives, define individual major .... (1080 4 )

Health Care Management .... by giving subordinates an opportunity to propose their objectives, and to .... Because the MBO system is such an important concept in management, several managers .... (3052 12 )

Category: Business - C
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA