Great Reforms in Russia

 
 
 
 
The decade of the 1860s is considered the Era of Great Reforms in Russia, its beginning marked by the emancipation of the serfs. As Freeze writes, the era was as important to the eighteenth century as the reforms of Peter the Great in the seventeenth and the revolution of the early twentieth (Freeze 101). The sources generally agree that forces leading to reform include Western influences and the "public disgust with an often arbitrary, inefficient, and corrupt bureaucracy," but the shocking defeat of Russia in the Crimean War was the major cause, for it "persuaded Alexander II . . . that without basic internal change the Russian Empire could not hope to maintain its hard-won position as a major world power" (Cracraft 313).

The reforms which followed the liberation of the serfs in 1861 included

the new liberal censorship regulations (1865), the establishment of a new organ of self-government called the zemstvo (1864), reorganization of urban government (1870), the radical reconstruction of the judiciary after Western models (1864), and a complex series of measures to improve the army, church, police, education, and many other public and private institutions in the empire (Freeze 101).

As Freeze adds, the reforms were significant not only for their direct impact on the lives of Russians and the fundamental institutions of Russian society, but also because of the process of those reforms: "Society, not just the bureaucracy, was summoned to help draft and implement these

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Era of Great Reforms in Russia Era of Great Reforms in Russia. The decade of the 1860s is considered the Era of Great Reforms in Russia, its beginning marked by the emancipation of the serfs. .... (3906 16 )

Peter the Great and the Emergence of Russia .... his internal political, economic and social reforms had established .... The Great Northern War dragged on for twenty-one .... of Sweden and the emergence of Russia as a .... (1527 6 )

Great Northern War Between Russia & Sweden .... 1) militarily and in geopolitical terms, Russia under Peter's .... for the first time as a great European power; (2 .... were taken through a series of reforms and other .... (4268 17 )

Russia and Urbanization .... in the early twentieth century faced great turbulence as .... urbanization and industrialization in post-reform Russia had a .... Just as the reforms of the 1860s were .... (1923 8 )

Urbanization & Industrialization in Russia .... in the early twentieth century faced great turbulence as .... urbanization and industrialization in post-reform Russia had a .... Just as the reforms of the 1860s were .... (1923 8 )


Category: History - G
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA