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Essays on Career Counseling

As Zunker points out, the career counseling field has had to expand and broaden in order to meet the needs of continually changing and diverse workplace. In addition to meeting the needs of the workplace, however, career counselors are also including the mental health and well-being of their individual clients in their roles as advisors (2002). These demands on career counselors have produced a more integrated approach to the field requiring more extensive training and assessment skills. For example, some skills required by the counselor could include ôdiagnosing symptoms of depression àinterviewing àanxiety-reduction programs àand career decision-making proceduresö (Zunker, 2002, p. 7). When assessing what is right for the client, the counselor must help the client û an individual û reevaluate goals, change values, and develop abilities. Some of the suggested courses to take could include ôstress-reduction exercises, drug therapy, physical activity programs, and interpersonal skills trainingö (p. 7), or combinations of these and other options. As Zunker points out, ôgetting a lifetime job in our postbureaucratic society is no longer probableö (p. 5). Therefore, the client and the counselor must work together to create an adaptable, integrative approach that will meet the needs of the client within the workforce. Writing Assignment 2:

Super, Holland, and Krumboltz have varying approaches in assessing and matching up the needs of the individual with their particular career paths.

Super ôviewed his work as the development of segments of possible future theoriesö (Zunker, 2002, p. 37). In general, he put into place vocational developmental stages. These five stages included: 1) growth (ages 14-15), which is characterized by an awareness of resources, interests, values, and planning for a future goal; 2) exploration (ages 15-24), in which choices are narrowed, but not solidified; 3) establishment (ages 25-44), w...

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