Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Max Weber: Sociological Views and Theories

The sociological views of Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all assert that various aspects of our identity or lifestyle are fully a product of the society in which we live. Despite this assertion, each theorist views the impact of society and its manifestation of our identity in a different way. All three of these men used the Industrial Revolution and capitalism to shape their theories of social identity, especially the identity created by capitalism's division of labor. The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in the recent history of the world. Heilbroner (1968, p. 53) notes that a new "theological" point of view underpinned this social and economic paradigm shift toward "mechanical" rather than "organic" solidarity among individuals. This analysis will provide a comparison and contrast of the positions of Marx, Durkheim, and Weber with respect to the impact of the "new" capitalist society on individual identity.

Marx theorized that society was an organism similar to the human body where each part performs a distinct function. Marx saw the basic division in society as existing between owners and non-owners of the means of production. This division largely "determined the character" of other areas of activity and of society as a whole at any given historical period (Hess, Markson, and Stein, 1989, p. 12). Marxist sociology and economic theory posited the class struggle between the bourgeoisie and the prole



Related Essays

DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE .... The views that will be examined are .... works of four commentators: Karl Marx, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim and Catherine .... justice" as a sociological and philosophical .... (2035 8 )

Social Theories and AIDS .... 6 Shilts, 121 5; 171 3. 7 Emile Durkeim, The .... be minor and localized.8 For Durkheim, the criminality .... writing in the Germanic tradition after Karl Marx, is more .... (2190 9 )

AIDS in Social Theory .... Emile Durkheim (1984) believed that social solidarity was .... For Durkheim, the criminality in the epidemic is .... in the Germanic tradition after Karl Marx, is more .... (2127 9 )

Human Behavior and Sociology .... The major contributors to this theory Were Max Weber and George .... to this theory were Emile Durkheim, Talcott Parsons .... to this theory were Karl Marx and Friedrich .... (5766 23 )

Religion and the US .... According to Emile Durkheim, modernization is defined as specialized .... Karl Marx equated modernization with capitalism. .... While Marx was critical of capitalism, he .... (2662 11 )

Category: People - K
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA