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Accountability in Education

The following review of the literature presents research findings related to the study topic. Accountability in education is a current focus which has the goal of determining student performance and increasing it. The assessment of student performance includes the use of standardized tests and class grades. The correspondence between these two performance indicators remains unclear. The issues of accountability in education, Florida's state standards and use of the FCAT, the need for class grades to reflect standardized test scores with teacher understanding of class grades versus standardized test scores, minority effects on grade versus test score correspondence, and research regarding class grade and standardized test score correspondence are presented. This is followed by a summary and conclusions.

In a report sponsored by the National Center for Research in Vocational Education, the RAND Corporation (2002) defined accountability as the various and sundry practices by which educational systems are held responsible for the quality of their outcomes (e.g., students' knowledge, skills, behaviors, and attitudes). Kirst (1990) noted that accountability in education is not a new concept but was practiced as far back as the 19th century when schools were paid according to the performance of their students on standardized exams. However, with the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 which was signed into law by President Bush on January 8, 2002, the federal role in education was redefined in terms of mandating strong school accountability for student outcomes.

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 mandates standards in each state for what every child must be required to learn in reading and math in grades 3 through 8 and requires that student progress and achievement be assessed for every child each and every year (Fordham Foundation, 2002). The State of Florida is in compliance with this act via its Sunshine State Stan...

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Accountability in Education. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 11:12, April 21, 2019, from