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Armenia & Azerbaijan


This outline and annotated bibliography relates to a proposed 20 page research paper (case study) on the ethno-religious conflict between 1988 and the present between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which has revolved principally over control of the disputed Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh. The principal focus of this study will be on the influence of political and policy developments in the Soviet Union, and its principal successor state, the Russian Federation, on the development, course and exacerbation, moderation or resolution of this conflict. Its themes are that: the disintegration of the Soviet empire and the inept handling by the Gorbachev regime of the Nagorno-Karabakh problem unleashed pressures by the Armenians and Azeris for nationalist or self-determination solutions; the 1991 failed coup in the Soviet Union strongly influenced the course of the 1991-1994 war; Russian mediation efforts helped arrange a ceasefire in 1994 but was less decisive than the temporary stalemate in that war; subsequent Russian attempts to exercise influence in this Trans-Caucasus region have complicated efforts to arrange a permanent peace; and political and economic factors within these former Soviet Republics and the growing interests and intervention of Turkey and Iran in the conflict cloud the prospects for peace and stability in the region. Indeed, the permanent secession of these former Republics can be reversed by the Russians only at the expense of provoking more violence which will probably trigger broader international concerns. For the foreseeable future, the success or failure of attempts by other powers, including Russia, to moderate or regulate the conflict, will likely follow the secessionist rather than hegemonic or other models, although in the long run the forces of economic modernization may produce greater regional co-operation and domestic democratization. This process is li...

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Armenia & Azerbaijan. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 19:31, June 02, 2020, from