A MULTI-VIEW PERSPECTIVE OF ABORTION
The legalization of abortion in the United States by a 1973 decision of the Supreme Court which bypassed the legislative process in the majority of states has, since its inception, been both praised and cursed (Gorney 13). There is a tendency to believe that perspectives of abortion line up on one side or the other, one is either 'pro-life' or 'pro-choice' and never the twain shall meet. However, the fact is that people are not that black and white in their approach to abortion and their perspectives fall along a range. The purpose of this paper is to examine these multiperspectives.
One perspective is that offered by Chappell (69-77) which holds that the idea of individual human substance (be it physical or spiritual) is present from conception and that, given this fact, abortion is murder and should never be undertaken for this reason. Neither rape or incest or the life and health of the mother is considered reason for abortion in this view. This is a view in which all abortion should be illegal. It is often accompanied, according to Chappell (69-77) by a slightly modified viewpoint which is that abortion should be illegal because it is murder but it should be allowed in cases of rape, incest, or when the life of the mother is threatened.
However, Kortiansky (63-67) notes that while people might very well agree with the idea that abortion is murder, at least a portion of those agreeing still do not find this fact sufficiently compelling to make abortion illegal. Those holding to this perspective feel that individual rights must also be considered and that, be it right or be it wrong, a woman has a right to abort a fetus. They believe that to deny her this right is wrong. Their yardstick therefore is that of individual rights which in cases of abortion, they feel should be given sway over moral/ethical concerns.
Kortiansky (53-67) notes that the answer to this argument of freedom o...