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Latin American Identity

If the history of Latin America can be described as a search for a viable identity, then without doubt two expressions of that identity come in the form of Ruben DarioÆs poem To Roosevelt and the dance and music form known as tango. Having won independence from Spain, having survived a number of civil wars, and having to contend with its increasingly powerful neighbor to the north, Latin Americans continued to struggle to formulate a viable identity. Because of both internal and external oppression, that identity was often expressed through various art forms. This analysis will explore Ruben DarioÆs poem To Roosevelt and the dance and music form known as tango in order to illustrate the unique expression of Latin American identity.

From its war of independence with Spain to a number of civil wars and other social upheavals, Latin Americans struggled to forge a viable national identity in the wake of imperialism and warfare during the last part of the 19th century. In the early 20th century, a majority of Latin Americans viewed the U.S. as an energetic, wealthy, and democratic neighbor. However, the foreign policy of President Theodore Roosevelt, including support for the Panamanian revolution and what was known as the Monroe Doctrine Corollary, soon turned such admiration to fears of imperialism. Many Latin Americans viewed the Corollary as merely ôjustification for U.S. intervention in Latin Americaö (Theodore 1). The Monroe Doctrine maintained that European powers could not colonize nations in the Western Hemisphere. However, because Latin American nations were defaulting on loans to European powers, Roosevelt expanded the reach of the Monroe Doctrine. Known as a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, the expanded document asserted: ôChronic wrongdoingàmay in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require interventionàand in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the U.S. to the Monroe Doctrine may forced the U.S., howeve...

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Latin American Identity. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 13:09, April 21, 2019, from