Japanese Behavior

 
 
 
 
In June 1944, the Office of War Information assigned cultural anthropologist Ruth Benedict to help them understand why the Japanese thought acted as they did and to assist them in predicting how the Japanese would respond to a given military or diplomatic act on our part. Japan had only been open to the West for 75 years then, so very little was known about its culture. At that point also, the end of the war in Europe was less than one year away and the Allied victories in the Pacific foretold the defeat of Japan not long after victory in Europe. These facts made it especially necessary for the U.S. to find out what made Japan tick.

Many questions had to be answered, and the O.W.I. decided a cultural anthropologist would be best equipped to gain new insights into Japanese attitudes and behavior. As a cultural anthropologist, Benedict had an advantage over a traditional anthropologist because she could forego the usually obligatory field trip. Her focus would be on explaining Japanese culture by comparing it to other cultures.

Chapter one, entitled "Assignment Japan", explains the purpose of the book and some of the research techniques employed. Chapter two, "The Japanese in the War", covers the Japanese justifications of the war and highlights their attitudes about the spiritual vs. the material, and heir apparent preference for death over defeat or dishonor. Chapter three is called "Taking One's Proper Place" and, indeed, that is its subject. It provides an analys

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Behavior of Japanese & American Consumers .... But the truth is that in the most recent period there is not a great deal of consistency in assessments of Japanese consumer behavior. .... (2544 10 )

Differences Between American & Japanese Organizations Differences Between American & Japanese Organizations Organizational behavior can be studied a. Abstract Organizational behavior .... (6336 25 )

Japanese Methods of Child Rearing .... On all levels, Japanese behavior tends to be highly situational and embraces huge differences in public and private settings (Shields, Jr., 1989, p. 5 .... (2353 9 )

Ethnographic Study of Japanese Society .... Benedict seeks patterns in japanese behavior and then tries to discern the meaning of the patterns, their origin, and their development over time. .... (3090 12 )

Resistance of Koreans to Racist Behavior in the US .... of social and political resistance of Koreans in reaction to racist behavior toward them .... years before World War II, Korea itself was a Japanese colony (invaded .... (1485 6 )


Category: Psychology - J
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA