Page Count: 29
Length: 7137 Words

This research provides a breadth review of the literature related to organizational theory and behavior. Literature is reviewed in the contexts of organizational structure, motivation in organizations, the application of power in organizations, organizational commitment, decisionmaking in organizations, organizational stress, and sociotechnical organizational systems.

Two primary classifications of organizational structure are mechanistic and organic. The differences between mechanistic and organic organizational structures are expressed in the context of the level of formal structure and control embodied in the two organizational concepts (Daft, 1992, p. 140). The character of an organization's internal structure is often related to the external environment within which it functions. In this context, Warren Bennis (1976, pp. 2227) observed that organizations must strike a balance between openness to the external environment and protection from too much permeability. Organizations functioning within a stable external environment typically have formal internal organizational structures with clearly established and observed operating procedures and rules, and a well defined hierarchy of authority. Within such organizations, decision making is typically topdown in character. This type of organizational structure is mechanistic in character. Organizations functioning within a dynamic external

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Category: Business - O

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Hawthorne Effect, Stress Stress, Frederick Herzberg, Krishnan Thompson, Parasuraman Alutto, SMWTs Barton, Mahler Nicholson, Warren Bennis, Salancik Pfeffer, Lenz Engledow, organizational structure, 1991 pp, 1992 pp, 1984 pp, alutto 1984, parasuraman alutto 1984, parasuraman alutto, skinner 1953, mahler nicholson 1989, nicholson 1989, shani grant, mahler nicholson, gortner mahler nicholson, 1984 pp 4567, grant krishnan thompson,

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