Attachment Theory

 
 
 
 
In An Ethological Approach to Personality Development, John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (1991) argue that attachment theory is "personality development based on the interaction of the child and the caregiver during infancy and early childhood" (333). Bowlby's attachment theory integrates evolution, ethology, emotion regulation, and social cognition. The attachment theory system is posited as one of a variety of behavioral system that promote survival and reproductive success. According to Broberg (2000), "The purpose of the system is to enhance the likelihood of protection, by maintaining proximity to the caregiver in response to real or perceived stress or danger" (37). In other words, attachment is a biological and evolutionary system that forms close bonds between the child and caregiver (typically the mother), particularly during times of stress or threat, that helps increase the odds of survival by ensuring parental caregiving and protection.

All infants form enduring emotional bonds or attachments with their caregivers. These emotional bonds go beyond the need for basic survival needs like physical nourishment. The biological purpose of attachment protects infants from predators and maintains physical safety. So, too, attachment enables the infant to feel secure when exploring his or her environment. Within the attachment behavioral system, Bowlby theorized that there are four phases of development that typically unfold during

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Attachment Theory & Child Development & Learning Attachment Theory & Child Development & Learning. .... Body GreenspanA†s DIR Model is clearly related to attachment theory in the avoidance of psychopathologies. .... (4085 16 )

Development Theory There are many varying theorie .... The attachment theory of human development focuses on the protective nature of the parent-child relationship to evaluate and predict the likelihood of a .... (1609 6 )

The Four Stages of Attachment in John Bowlby .... it is evident that the attachment relationship between child and caregiver extends far beyond the four phases described in Bowlby's attachment theory. .... (1731 7 )

Attachment Disorder and Childhood Sexual Abuse: Review of Six .... Attachment theory. .... Attachment theory, in turn, provides the theoretical framework within which to understand the development of weak or disrupted attachment. .... (1407 6 )

Attachment Relationships .... Body In An Ethological Approach to Personality Development, John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (1991) argue that attachment theory is opersonality development .... (6621 26 )


Category: Psychology - A
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA