This research traces the development of nursing theory. Both historical development and current issues are addressed.

From the time of Florence Nightingale, the concept of person has played a major role in nursing theory and its development (Flynn and Heffron, 1988, pp. 9-10, 71). While nursing theory has evolved since the nineteenth century, Nightingale's concept of person has remained as a central feature of much of this theory.

Logical positivism and behaviorism influenced the development of nursing theory (Flynn and Heffron, 1988, pp. 62-63; Nicoll, 1986, pp. 214, 357). Logical positivism introduced a verificationist perspective into nursing theory development, while behaviorism caused nursing theorists to seek an understanding of the actions of both patients and care givers (Nicoll, 1986, pp. 282-283, 338). The nursing theory of Hildegard Peplau incorporated aspects of both behaviorism and logical positivism. Peplau's theory was the theory of psychodynamic nursing.

Peplau (1952, pp. 3-4) developed the theory of psychodynamic nursing. According to Peplau, psychodynamic nursing involves the use of one's (the nurse) knowledge and understanding of one's own behavior to help others (patients) identify felt difficulties, and the application of human relations to problems that arise at all levels of experience. This interpersonal process is defined within the context of four phases of the nurse-patient relationship--orientation, iden



Related Essays

THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN NURSING THEORY and PRACTICE .... Logical positivism and behaviorism influenced the development of nursing theory (Flynn and Heffron, 1988, pp. 62-63; Nicoll, 1986, pp. 214, 357). .... (3295 13 )

Jean Watson's Nursing Theory This paper presents an analysis and c .... Pediatric Nursing, 15, 458-462. Swanson, KM (1991). Empirical development of a middle-range theory of caring. Nursing Research, 40, 161-165. Watson, J. (1979). .... (2995 12 )

APPLICATION OF NURSING THEORY TO CLINICAL PRACTICE .... theory has not only led to literally hundreds of research studies, but it has also led to the development of instruments to develop the goals set for nursing .... (1798 7 )

NURSING THEORY DIAGRAM Introduction Lenz, Suppe .... This paper presents a nursing diagram based on the development of a middle-range nursing theory related to coping with chronic illness. .... (1826 7 )

Nursing Theory Concepts .... to the self-care concepts, Orem's theory of self .... describes why people can be helped through nursing. .... function, and also support human development and maturation .... (3167 13 )

Category: Medical - D
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA