Instructional Supervision

 
 
 
 
Ornstein and Hunkins (1993) have stated that the field of curriculum/instruction is directly related to the field of supervision. As the authors put it:

...once curriculum is created, we need to "look" at, to supervise, how it is being delivered. (p. 201)

The purpose of the paper presented here is to examine theory and research on instructional supervision. The presented review begins with a brief historical overview of theoretical approaches to instructional supervision. More current research is then examined. In general, the review focuses on literature that emphasizes theoretical conceptions of those methods and procedures school administrators can use to improve school instruction.

Instructional Supervision: Theory and Research

Glickman (1990) has conceptualized supervision as the "glue" of a successful school. According to Glickman, the administrator functions as "glue" in the sense that he or she successfully molds the myriad elements of instructional effectiveness into successful school action where successfully school action is ultimately manifested as high quality instruction resulting in strong levels of student achievement. The question that can be asked here is how the principal/administrator best attains the objectives of high quality instruction and high levels of student achievement?

Over the years, several theories have been developed as attempts to specify those steps which principals need to take in order to be effective instructiona

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Teachers' Perceptions of Instructional Leader NATURE OF THE STUDY .... 1) To determine the overall level of principal involvement, as perceived by teachers, across all 50 discrete instructional supervision behaviors, and to .... (4538 18 )

School Management and Role of Principal .... From most to least important he listed instructional supervision, evaluation of teacher performance, curriculum development, staffing, community involvement .... (1708 7 )

Problems of Teacher Training in Liberia .... Poor instructional supervision in Liberian schools, poor incentives for teachers, and inadequate data collection and analysis systems were cited as the major .... (3664 15 )

Results & Discussion of Data RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Two kinds of .... kinds of analyses were conducted on collected data: (1) descriptive analyses conducted for each of the questionnaire items on instructional supervision; and (2 .... (6314 25 )

Teacher Education in Liberia .... teacher education programs are necessary, but in service programs must be given priority over pre service programs, (3) instructional supervision in the .... (3483 14 )


Category: Psychology - I
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA