Business Management THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ART AND SCIENCE OF

 
 
 
 
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ART AND SCIENCE OFBUSINESS MANAGEMENT, AND THE PROPER ROLE OF EACH

When business management is considered in the context of art versus science, the focus of the consideration is on organizational leadership and management. Some theorists conceive of leadership and management as a unity, and consider this unity to be (1) primarily an art form, (2) primarily a scientific process, or (3) some combination of the two. Others tend to conceive of leadership and management as separate functions, and tend to view leadership as the art, and management as the science. Peter Drucker (1955) conceived of leadership and management as a unity. Drucker (1955, 107) said that leadership "is of the utmost importance. Indeed there is no substitute for it. But leadership cannot be created or promoted. It cannot be taught or learned." Thus, Drucker came down on the side of artthe old saw that "leadership is an art, not a science; a science can be learned but an art cannot," or the even older one that says that "leaders are born, not made."

Bradford Boyd (1988) also conceived of leadership and management as a unity. Bradford (1988, 324) said that leadership is, simply, "getting people to work to achieve the goals of the enterprise. It's giving people something to work for." Boyd appeared to come down on the side of leadership as a science; something that can be taught and learned.

Thomas Peters, and Robert Waterman, Jr. (1982), also

     
 
 
 
    

 

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