Controlling Criminal Behavior

 
 
 
 
Society's desire to control criminal behavior has always been the basis for the establishment and perpetuation of carceral systems the world over. How those systems operate, and the extent to which they are successful, has been of much concern and debate for sociologists, psychologists, criminologists, and the general public, especially in the western world. In America, the establishment of the current penitentiary form of incarceration can be traced to the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as the fledgling country sought to separate itself from its historical and political ties to England and the European continent.

Indeed, the American penal reform movement is at least as old as the country. At the time of the Revolution, the main societal controls designed to control and punish criminal activities in use in the colonies were those that had historically been in use in England since at least the sixteenth century: the gallows, whipping post, stocks, and pillory. According to Pillsbury (1989), these structures "had stood at the center of American towns and villages throughout the colonial era [and] were massive structures, built in urban and rural areas, designed for the collective incarceration and reform of a region's criminals" (p. 729).

The establishment of the first penitentiaries paralleled the birth of the new nation in the period between 1790 and 1815, and resulted from a legislative shift away from mere corporal punishment to incarceration

     
 
 
 
    

 

Related Essays

Dealing with Violent Criminal Behavior .... to the discovery of ways to reduce levels of criminal behavior emphasize one .... a wide variety of approaches put forward as means of controlling social behaviors .... (1898 8 )

Aspects of Crime .... The approach has not been effective in controlling criminal behavior on the scale that many feel would justify the costs, for the treatment model is expensive .... (763 3 )

Civilization and Human Nature .... Human beings will engage in criminal behavior if the context or their .... these tendencies toward destructive acts in human beings by controlling the environment .... (1731 7 )

Criminological Theories .... combination, provides a more comprehensive approach to examining criminal behavior. .... severe, and certain punishmentAšis essential for controlling human behavior .... (1271 5 )

Sources of Human Behavior .... Clearly controlling forces are present in the lives of some people but .... morals, values, beliefs - every person would engage in criminal behavior ("Control Theory .... (2209 9 )


Category: Psychology - C
 
 
 
Common Topics
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
 
 
 
Join Now  
 
 
 
 
 
Saved Papers  
 
 
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
 
 
 
Testimonials  
 
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
 
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
 
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
 
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
 
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
 
 
 
 
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA