Literature is reviewed in support of a study that will assess the effectiveness of alternative logistics management policies to assure the attainment of required levels of product quality in small manufacturing firms. Literature is reviewed in the following topical areas of interest:
Supply-chain management plays a central role in the management of an organization's value-chain. Essential to the effectiveness of an organization's supply-chain management are the concepts and procedures associated with cycle-time reduction and just-in-time resource management (Sharland, Eltantawy, & Giunipero, 2003). Cycle-time reduction and just-in-time resource management are most frequently associated with manufacturing operations. In fact, however, these elements of supply chain management are equally relevant in a variety of operational contexts (Delattre, 2005). Similarly, just-in-time concepts are applicable to functions other than inventory management.
Waste, considered in the context of managing production operations, refers to any activity that detracts from the creation of value. In the current environment of global business operations, competitive advantages derive in large part from the integration and coordination of the various activities of the value chain. In such an environment, it is important to reduce total costs as well as design, production, and distribution times (Nichols, 2003).