The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome are two of the greatest surviving monuments of ancient civilizations. Though they came from very different cultures, the two buildings have a great deal in common. Both monuments were symbols of the political goals of the rulers who built them. Each building is also considered the ultimate achievement of a period in architectural history. But, the two monuments also demonstrate differences between Greek and Roman ideas about architecture and the state.
The two monuments have similar recent histories. Both are so well preserved because they were adapted by later cultures. The Parthenon was the only temple ever to be used by four different religions (ancient Greek, Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Islam). The survival of the Pantheon was due to its use by the Catholic Church's as a church, a function that continues today.
The Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena Parthenos (Athena the Maiden), is the largest building on the Athenian Acropolis. "Acropolis" was the name given to the highest point of the city. This was always the most easily defended spot, and the main temples, treasuries, and major civic buildings were placed there. The Athenian Acropolis still has large parts of several monumental structures from the building program initiated in the fifth century BC by the statesman Pericles.
There had been a temple on the same spot, but it was torn down in 488 BC to build a new temple. In 480 BC, in the war with th
Read the full essay by joining our writing community - over 32,000 professional essays and term papers. Access this essay now!
Category: Arts - T
Some common topics found in the essays are:
Phidias Greek, Parthenon Pantheon, Ionic Doric, Ward- Perkins, Hadrian Pantheon, War Janson, Augustus Caesar, Pantheon Rome, Athenian Acropolis, Athens Kostof, york abrams, kostof 155, janson 131, interior space, kostof 218, parthenon built, doric temples, inside pantheon, parthenon temple, gods parthenon,
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!