Functionalist, Interactionist, and Conflict Theory
Different theories in sociology not only describe the role played by social institutions in society but also how those institutions help socialize individuals in the construction of the social self in society. The three main theories of sociological analysis are the functionalist, the interactionist, and conflict theories.
Functionalism views society and its inhabitants as in need of certain products and services. There is a need for a justice system, government, and the means of producing goods and services. Social institutions arise as part of the overall society, where the "different parts contribute positively to the operatio