The blossoming of behavior therapy took place in the 1950s and 1960s, with researchers such as Hans Eysenek, Cyril Franks, Arnold Lazarus, Isaac Marks, S. Rachman, G. Terence Wilson, and Joseph Wolpe contributing to its growth (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 184). The realm of psychotherapy was ready for the advent of behavior therapy because of two factors that had prepared the way: the directive nature of behavior therapy and the popularity of learning theory as a basis for clinical phenomena, as in Mowrer's two-factor model as an explanation for phobias as a classical conditioning experience (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 184). Referred to in the 1960s as "behavior modification, behavior therapy focused on context and situational factors as determiners of an individual's behavior (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 185).
Variations on behavioral therapy have been developed. These include such approaches as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and rational emotive therapy (Harrington & Pickles, 2009, p. 315). Cognitive behavioral therapy is the best known of these, and it focuses primarily on effecting a change in thoughts and behavior; it is goal-oriented and based on clarity of theory and practice that is achieved through collaboration (Harrington & Pickles, 2009, p. 322). Dialectical behavioral therapy urges the client to live more in the moment, while acceptance and
Read the full essay by joining our writing community - over 32,000 professional essays and term papers. Access this essay now!
Category: Psychology - H
Some common topics found in the essays are:
BASIC ID, Antony Roemer, Harrington Pickles, Ultimately Christianity, BF Skinner, Behavior Modification, Behavior Therapy, Albert Bandura, Zen Buddhism, Freeman Freeman, behavior therapy, behavioral therapy, behavior modification, roemer 2003, pickles 2009, harrington pickles 2009, harrington pickles, basic id, antony roemer 2003, therapy nd, relationship therapist, classical conditioning, cognitive behavioral therapy, behavior therapy nd, crown freeman freeman,
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!