History of Behavior Therapy: Five Key Concepts

The blossoming of behavior therapy took place in the 1950s and 1960s, with researchers such as Hans Eysenek, Cyril Franks, Arnold Lazarus, Isaac Marks, S. Rachman, G. Terence Wilson, and Joseph Wolpe contributing to its growth (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 184). The realm of psychotherapy was ready for the advent of behavior therapy because of two factors that had prepared the way: the directive nature of behavior therapy and the popularity of learning theory as a basis for clinical phenomena, as in Mowrer's two-factor model as an explanation for phobias as a classical conditioning experience (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 184). Referred to in the 1960s as "behavior modification, behavior therapy focused on context and situational factors as determiners of an individual's behavior (Antony & Roemer, 2003, p. 185).

Variations on behavioral therapy have been developed. These include such approaches as cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and rational emotive therapy (Harrington & Pickles, 2009, p. 315). Cognitive behavioral therapy is the best known of these, and it focuses primarily on effecting a change in thoughts and behavior; it is goal-oriented and based on clarity of theory and practice that is achieved through collaboration (Harrington & Pickles, 2009, p. 322). Dialectical behavioral therapy urges the client to live more in the moment, while acceptance and



Related Essays

Therapy for Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse .... that everyone can control his/her behavior and his .... describe a time-limited, semistructured therapy group given .... provided in Abramson's (1984) case history of .... (2510 10 )

Narrative Therapy and Blended Families .... Second, the selection-history threat can also reduce the .... a rigid conception of family relationships and behavior, narrative therapy acknowledges the .... (7956 32 )

MAIN SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOTHERAPY .... behavior therapists are unconcerned with an individual's life history. .... discussion of both standard "talk" therapy and the cognitive-behavior approach to .... (3271 13 )

Addiction .... Series (1995) Twelve-Step Facilitation Therapy Manual. .... No addictive behavior is recorded as "A" for .... calendar helps to reconstruct their addiction use history. .... (7530 30 )

Counseling and Development .... Stage five is the search for meaning, identity .... History helps with the decision for treatment .... Cognitive behavior therapy is helpful for treating depression in the .... (4278 17 )

Category: Psychology - H
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA