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Chinese and American Worldviews

Chinese and American worldviews differ partly because of historically different methods of structuring the family environment.

American homes valorize privacy and individuality, and Chinese homes have few privacy boundaries.

In America, protection of children is a primary family value, and in China children are reared to care for and revere elder generations.

The culture of American individualism and indepedence in families is replicated in American education, and traditional Chinese education is more group oriented.

American education stresses individual creativity and learning styles, and Chinese education stresses conformity and traditional values.

American ethnocentric attitudes absorbed in education manifest as active sense of superiority vis-à-vis the rest of the world, and Chinese ethnocentrism manifests as passive superiority.

There is a bigger gap between the America idealized at school and actual experience than there is between the China pictured a school and students' actual experience

Social needs and values come down to property rights and conflict in America and to acceptance of injustices as a natural part of life in China.

From an early age, American children learn to seek advantage competitively but also to seek approval and independence in their peer group.

In China, children are more likely to identify socially with their family status and bring that identification and mutual family dependence to relationships with their peers.

Social equality is a strong American ideal but has historically been minimized in Chinese culture.

Customs and practices surrounding marriage and class manifest much differently in China and the US.

Chinese marriages are multigenerational affairs, with parents routinely expected to concern themselves in their children's unions.

American marriages are meant to be independent affairs, the private business of husband and wife, not their parents.


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Chinese and American Worldviews. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 01:06, March 26, 2019, from