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Art Deco Architecture Style

The purpose of this research is to examine the Art Deco architecture style and the development of the skyscraper, chiefly in the United States. The plan of the research will be to set forth the cultural and artistic context in which Art Deco was defined, as well as the discourse of skyscraper architecture, and then to discuss not only the architectural theories and theorist/practitioners whose ideas informed debate over skyscraper construction but also the popular and professional reaction to the buildings at the time they were constructed.

Any meaningful discussion of the link between Art Deco architecture and the development of the skyscraper must begin with a clarification of definition of the term Art Deco. Also called style moderne, Art Deco emerged out of a nonhistorical approach to architecture and the decorative arts. Modernism disdained the traditional use of Greek, Roman, and Renaissance models for monumental (typically, public-use) architecture for what was held to be a less frankly ornamental line. Gone were the leaves, cherubim, and shells of baroque and rococo design. In their place were sleek, streamlined, geometrical lines, as well as an emerging theory of architectural line as articulated by such practitioners as Wright and Sullivan. The term itself was derived in Paris, where in 1925 was held the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes. The expo was a showcase for decorative-arts items that had been familiar to elites (for whom one-of-a-kind Art Deco items had been designed for some years) but that were beginning to be adopted by the middle classes (and city planners, as it turned out) of the United States. However, the term that was to overtake style moderne to define the modernist style was somewhat of a Johnny-come-lately. For the style itself had evolved to become deployed in decorative and architectural art by the 1920s.

In the background of the streamlined aspects of Art Deco...

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Art Deco Architecture Style. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 20:01, May 25, 2020, from