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Social Citizenship

Now that New Labour has been in power for two years, it is possible to make assessments regarding their projects and achievements. One of New Labour’s biggest and most controversial objectives is welfare reform. Where citizenship is concerned, these reforms are significant in an era of extreme social inequality. Further, citizenship takes on different meanings and modes based on the tradition from which it stems, i.e., democratic, communitarian, liberal, and authoritarian. While rumors of the demise of the welfare state are somewhat premature, there is no denying that many conventional welfare state aspects are being dismantled. Rapid technological advance and the transition from the industrial age to the age of information also impact the discourse on citizenship and the modern welfare state. Yet, lack of education, poverty and unequal access to them plague many, compounded by the growing gap between rich and poor that has steadily widened since the beginning of the 1990s. This creates, for many, a constrained sense of citizenship, “…the limited sense of obligation and belonging which people obtain from often highly restricted conceptions of citizenship, and how such conceptions may be insufficient to allay the immanent anxieties associated with the imperatives of contemporary lifestyles” (Dean and Melrose, 1999, p. xiii). Underneath the inequality, exclusion and nature of modern citizenship, we also see popular beliefs, values, and traditions. New Labour is no different than any other controlling party in the sense that its approach to welfare reform and social policy is based on ideology different than other parties. This analysis will look at social policy reforms of the New Labour party, particularly with respect to education. By analyzing the everyday experience and gaining an understanding of education, poverty, and resources, we are able to gain a deeper understanding of New Labour’s idea of citizenship and...

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Social Citizenship. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 21:29, January 20, 2019, from https://www.lotsofessays.com/viewpaper/1686323.html