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Attention Deficit Disorder: An Overview

This paper provided a clarification of the two terms--"Attention Deficit Disorder" (ADD) and "Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (ADD)--that are often used interchangeably to describe a childhood disorder of attention deficits. First, the unique characteristics and attributes of these two subtypes of ADD are presented. Essentially, hyperactivity is a key component of ADHD, while inattention is the central element of ADD. Second, the prevalence rates of the ADHD in general and the two different subcategories were presented and discussed. Third, the reasons underlying the confusion between the two terms were discussed, along with the ramifications. Finally, to help educators work with students suffering from ADD or ADHD, strategies and related recommendations were also provided. To enhance these students' social skills, educators can: a) model and rehearse appropriate social behavior; and b) help them to reflect on social situations in journals. For the management of inappropriate behaviors, educators can: a) develop classroom plans and behavioral contracts with the students to analyze and modify their behaviors; b) enforce classroom rules consistently; and c) encourage students by praising their positive behaviors. As for academics, educators can assist students in this area by: a) creating an appropriate classroom environment; b) ensuring students understand the instructions for performing tasks; and c) adapting their instructional approaches to meet the needs of the students.

Due to the high rates of prevalence among school-aged children, educators need to possess a fundamental knowledge of the distinctive characteristics of "Attention Deficit Disorder" (ADD) and "Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder" (ADHD) ("New Study Shows Prevalence of ADHD May be Underestimated," 2004). In spite of the fact that the conditions of ADD and ADHD differ significantly from one another, they are used interchangeably in the educa...

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Attention Deficit Disorder: An Overview. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 15:17, August 15, 2020, from