Given the national concern not only with violent crime and its effects, but specifically with the problem of young gang-related crime, the purpose of this thesis was to examine the literature on efforts to prevent or effectively intervention to reduce gang-related crime in the United States. It was assumed that one of the more recently developed strategies for reducing violence crime, know as fostering neighborhood social cohesion, would be positively associated with reductions in gang violence. The study, which was based on a qualitative analysis of previously published examinations or assessments of gang violence prevention and intervention efforts, supported the hypothesis without generating any new empirical data.
Central to the study was an exploration of data generated by a unique longitudinal research effort, the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods; also of central importance are the myriad prevention and interventions programs either funded or evaluated by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, art of the U.S. Department of justice. Data from these sources and others found in the scholarly literature are examined and discussed in the study, which concludes with recommendations for further research and for programs that foster increased neighborhood cohesion.
The United States is home to approximately 57 million children under the age of 15 and an additional 20 million between the ages of 4 and 8. Experts believe that the teenage population in the United States may reach almost 30 million by 2006 (Corbitt, 2000). This population growth may partially explain why the United States has experienced a nationwide epidemic of juvenile violence over the course of the past 15 years.
Despite the fact that crime rates in general have decreased across the United States, violent crimes (e.g., murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) am...