THE UN, IGOS, NGOS AND THE ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT (1988-1998)
This research paper discusses the efforts of the United Nations (UN), other international government organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and individuals in furthering attempts to end the Arab-Israeli conflict during the past decade and analyzes their role in the peace process.
The United Nations and other third party intermediaries had relatively little to do with the normalization of relations between the State of Israel and the Kingdom of Jordan which was achieved in 1994 by direct bilateral negotiations after forward movement was achieved through the Oslo Accords in the talks between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) concerning Palestinian issues. Despite the efforts of third parties, primarily the United States, talks between Israel and Syria have failed to make much progress during the past decade.
Resolutions 242 and 338 adopted by the UN Security Council in previous decades are important parts of the Oslo Accords. However the UN itself has been marginalized in the Arab-Israeli peace process itself during the past decade, especially since 1991. Other third party intermediary groups and individuals have facilitated the opening and maintenance of a direct dialogue between Israel and the PLO which achieved considerable momentum in 1992-1994. The peace process has made much less progress since then for a variety of reasons relating to internal Israeli political reasons and an escalating cycle of terrorist violence which the PLO leadership has seemed unable to control, especially after 1993. Today the UN primarily serves as a forum or outlet for the expression of Palestinian frustrations with the slow pace of the peace process since the Israeli elections of 1996.
The UN and its predecessor, the League of Nations, has been involved with Arab-Israeli tensions for many decades. During World War I, the British made c...