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Aspects of The Scarlet Letter

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born in Salem, Massachusetts on July 4, 1804 and died in Plymouth, New Hampshire on May 19, 1864. A major figure in the rise of American literature, Hawthorne attended Bowdoin College in Main (1821-1824) with Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and future U.S. president Franklin Pierce. HawthorneÆs father was John Hathorne (he would add the ôwö to his surname as a young man), a sea captain who died of yellow fever when Hawthorne was four years old. His father was descended from John Hathorne, among the judges who presided over the Salem Witch Trials. Hawthorne was a bookish child who resided with his reclusive mother.

Hawthorne wrote a significant number of short stories (which he called ôtalesö) and published them anonymously and under various pen names in magazines like The New England Magazine, The United States Democratic Review, and the Token. In 1837, Hawthorne began to use his real name with the publication of a number of these stories that focuses on New England Puritanism, called Twice-Told Tales. Hawthorne worked as a weigher and gauger for the Boston Custom House. The previous year, in 1839, he became engaged to illustrator and transcendentalist Sophia Peabody, to whom he would enjoy a long marriage and have three children: Una, Julian, and Rose.

In 1841, Hawthorne joined Brook Farm, a utopian community experiment focused on transcendentalism. He and Sophia were married in 1842, though he became disillusioned with the Brook Farm experiment and moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, where his neighbors included other writers interested in transcendentalism including Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. The HawthorneÆs returned to Salem in 1845. Hawthorne continued to publish more short stories, including some of his most famous like ôYoung Goodman Brown,ö ôThe Birthmark,ö ôRappacciniÆs Daughter,ö ôEthan Brand,ö and others focusing on the morals of Puritan soci...

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Aspects of The Scarlet Letter. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 20:09, May 26, 2020, from