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The Sudan

The purpose of this research is to examine the concept of freedom in the works of John Locke and Karl Marx with reference to the Sudan case. The plan of the research will be to set forth the problems confronting Sudan as an underdeveloped but modern postcolonial African country and a point of departure for consideration of concepts of freedom in regard to the future of Sudan, and then to discuss minimum requirements for a society in a postcolonial state, with a view toward determining the kind of national development that might ensure the stability of freedom in that country.

The history of Africa reads very much like the history of Europe in Africa. European colonization of the continent in the nineteenth century can be seen as the origin of social, economic, and political problems that persist to the present day. Armstrong, Elphick, and Giliomee explain that Dutch colonialism included slavery, which included mutilation and torture, both inside Dutch colonies and outside, in Dutch-sponsored slave trade. As economic and political control of Sub-Saharan Africa (especially South Africa) gradually passed, via negotiation and conquest, from Dutch to British control, the slave trade was abolished as a matter of policy. But as Bradlow says (50-2), the abolition of slavery did not necessarily equate with freedom for the indigenous peoples, instead creating a basic economic and racial "formula" of white European superiority and instrumental use of the full range of African resources. Nor indeed did slavery itself disappear in British Sudan, for much the same reasons of "formula." We will have more to say about the complex details of British colonial administration of the Sudan and its implications for contemporary consideration of freedom there; the present point is that British colonialism as an administrative system had priorities different from manumission of slaves in Africa, complicated by the historical absence in Sudan of a culture ...

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The Sudan. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 21:18, June 26, 2019, from