McNulty, T. L., & Bellair, P. E. (2003). Explaining racial and ethnic differences in adolescent violence: Structural disadvantage, family well-being, and social capital. Justice Quarterly, 20(1), 1-16.
The theme or key idea for this article was the integration of theory and previous research to explain adolescent violence, considering different racial-ethnic groups.
The problem studied was adolescent violence by race-ethnicity. Studies have shown higher crime rates for black, Latino, and American Indian adolescents and lower rates for Asians; these are compared to rates for whites. Causes of these differences remain unclear even though individual and community factors have been studied. This article addressed theoretical and policy concerns related to this problem.
Hypotheses for this study are related to the different theories presented. This paper presents theories about racial-ethnic differences in violence - that this violence is due to structural social disorganization and cultural social isolation. Thus it has been hypothesized that: racial-ethnic differences in violence are due to exposure of groups to criminogenic structural conditions; this violence is related to social and economic well-being of families; and/or it is due to social capital or the structure of relationships between children and adults that inhibit actions for mutual benefits. The hypothesis that this violence is due to structural social disorganization and cultural social isolation, was tested although not formally stated.
Research questions for this study were not formally stated; the link between racial-ethnic juvenile violence and structural social disorganization and cultural social isolation is presented.
The predictions for this study were not formally stated, however, structural social disorganization and cultural social isolation theories are presented as explanations for racial-ethnic juvenile violence.
The article provid...