This proposal outlines plans for an assessment of the risks associated with alternative approaches to the permanent remediation of spent nuclear materials (nuclear waste) at the United States Department of EnergyÆs Hanford Site at Richland, Washington. The Department of Energy is considering two alternatives to achieve permanent remediation. The alternative approaches are as follows (United States Department of Energy, 2002):
Construct lined enclosures for storing nuclear waste on the Hanford Reservation, and transfer the spent nuclear fuel from interim storage facilities at the Hanford Site to the new enclosures for permanent storage that also will be located on the Hanford Reservation
Transport the spent nuclear fuel from the interim storage facilities at the Hanford Site to a permanent deep-underground storage site located in the State of Nevada
This proposal provides for the assessment of the risks associated with each of the alternative approaches to the permanent remediation problem. The proposal also provides for making comparisons of the risks associated with the alternative approaches to permanent remediation to facilitate the decision process for selecting one of the alternatives for implementation of the permanent remediation program.
The spent nuclear fuels stored at the Hanford Site became an issue when many of the 177 storage tanks began leaking. This problem led to the creation of the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project (SNFP). The purpose of the SNFP is to protect the Columbia River by safely moving more than 2,100 metric tons of deteriorating spent nuclear fuel from the aging K Basins Site on the Hanford Reservation to safe, dry, interim storage facilities in the center of Hanford the Hanford Site. The K-Basins Site consists of two storage areas constructed as basins to contain the 177 storage tanks containing spent nuclear fuels generated at the Hanford Reservation from the initial period of nuclear develop...