The 1982 Chinese Constitution

The 1982 Chinese Constitution appears on the surface to be enforceable in the courts. In theory, it requires the Chinese Communist Party to abide by the Constitution and the law (Gittings and Whitfort 11). It defines ownership of land in China (Article 10), and allows Special Administrative Regions to be established, which provides the legal authority for one country, two systems in Hong Kong and the enactment of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The constitution restores the principle that all citizens of the People's Republic of China are equal under the law, and stipulates extensive powers for the National People's Congress, including enforcement of the constitution.

Several amendments to the constitution have been made since it was adopted in 1982, including an amendment to Article 5, to which was added a reference to "ruling the country in accordance with the law and building a socialist rule of law (Gittings and Whitfort 12). In response to growing public anger at human rights abuses, Article 33 was amended to include the wording, "the state respects and safeguards human rights." Articles 67, 80 and 89 were amended to remove the provision for declaring martial law and replace these provisions with a wider power to declare a State of Emergency, which can be applied under a much broader set of circumstances such as diseases and natural disasters.

The goal of the 1982 Constitution was to turn China into a socialist country, where priva



Related Essays

Chinese Legal System .... power of interpreting the Constitution.4 The Chinese have attempted to .... The 1978 Constitution restored the judicial elements and in 1982, a Provisional .... (2210 9 )

A History of the Kuomintang to 1948 .... is the regime established by the Chinese people (acting .... National Assembly) in the constitution adopted in .... Parliament in England (Zagorin, 1994; Roots, 1982). .... (4502 18 )

Post reform China .... Deng originally advocated amending the Chinese constitution with the .... force, a notable break from Chinese tradition and .... Between 1979 and 1982 total agricultural .... (4042 16 )

Fulan Gong Movement in China .... M 1). The Economist (1998, September 19) said: "the Chinese constitution's high-minded .... Xiaopeng (Deng) (1904-1997), became China's undisputed leader in 1982. .... (5656 23 )

REPRESSION OF THE FALUN GONG .... M 1). The Economist (1998, September 19) said: "the Chinese constitution's high-minded .... Xiaopeng (Deng) (1904-1997), became China's undisputed leader in 1982. .... (5656 23 )

Category: Foreign - T
Common Topics
Click Here to Get Instant Access to over 32,000 Professionally Written Papers!!!
Join Now  
Saved Papers  
Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!
"Thank you for making such a high quality site! Your papers are the best I have seen around"
Debbie B.
"Your site was very helpful and gave me the details I needed in order to complete my essay!!!"
Mike F.
"This site is an excellent vehicle for quick referrences. Thanks a bunch!"
Carla T.
"Great site, I got a lot of new ideas I would have never thought of before."
Nate A.
"I love this site!!!"
Marie H.
Copyright © 2007 - 2014 Lots of Essays. All Rights Reserved. DMCA